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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2015

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Clustering of lifestyle behaviours and relation to body composition in European children. The IDEFICS study

Anno di pubblicazione: 2015

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: A M Santaliestra-Pasías, T Mouratidou, L Reisch, I Pigeot, W Ahrens, S Mĺrild, D Molnár, A Siani, S Sieri, M Tornatiris, T Veidebaum, V Verbestel, I De Bourdeaudhuij and L A Moreno

Affiliazioni autori: 1GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Department of Physiatry and Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain; 2Red SAMID, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; 3Department of Intercultural Communication and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark; 4Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology--BIPS, Bremen, Germany; 5Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; 6Department of Paediatrics, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Smörslottsgatan, Gothenburg, Sweden; 7Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, University of Pécs, József A. u. 7., Pécs, Hungary; 8Unit of Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy; 9Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS IstitutoNazionaledeiTumori, Milan, Italy; 10Research and Education Institute of Child Health, StrovolosNicosia, Cyprus; 11National Institute for Health Development, Center of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia and 12Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Autori CNR:

  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours are some of the main behavioural determinants of obesity; their combined influence in children has been addressed in a limited number of studies. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Children (16 228) aged 2-9 years old from eight European countries participated in the baseline survey of the IDEFICS study. A subsample of 11 674 children (50.8% males) were included in the present study. Children's food and beverage consumption (fruit and vegetables (F&V) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)), PA and sedentary behaviours were assessed via parental questionnaires. Sex-specific cluster analysis was applied to identify behavioural clusters. Analysis of covariance and logistic regression were applied to examine the association between behavioural clusters and body composition indicators (BCIs). RESULTS: Six behavioural clusters were identified (C1-C6) both in boys and girls. In both sexes, clusters characterised by high level of PA (C1 and C3) included a large proportion of older children, whereas clusters characterised by low SSB consumption (C5 and C6) included a large proportion of younger children. Significant associations between derived clusters and BCI were observed only in boys; those boys in the cluster with the highest time spent in sedentary activities and low PA had increased odds of having a body mass index z-score (odds ratio (OR) = 1.33; 95% confidence interval (CI) = (1.01, 1.74)) and a waist circumference z-score (OR = 1.41; 95%CI = (1.06, 1.86)) greater than one. CONCLUSION: Clusters characterised by high sedentary behaviour, low F&V and SSB consumption and low PA turned out to be the most obesogenic factors in this sample of European children.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 811

Pagine a: 816

Pagine totali: 6

Rivista:

European journal of clinical nutrition John Libbey.
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0954-3007

Numero volume: 69

Numero fascicolo: 7

DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2015.76

Referee: Sě: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000357290200010]

Parole chiave:

  • IDEFICS
  • children
  • lifestyle
  • body composition

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