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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2015

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: High Sodium and Low Potassium Intake among Italian Children: Relationship with Age, Body Mass and Blood Pressure

Anno di pubblicazione: 2015

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Angelo Campanozzi1 , Sonia Avallone2 , Antonio Barbato2 , Roberto Iacone2 , Ornella Russo2 , Gianpaolo De Filippo2,3, Giuseppina D'Angelo1 , Licia Pensabene4 , Basilio Malamisura5 , Gaetano Cecere6 , Maria Micillo6 , Ruggiero Francavilla7 , Anna Tetro8 , Giuliano Lombardi9 , Lisa Tonelli10, Giuseppe Castellucci11, Luigi Ferraro11, Rita Di Biase12, Antonella Lezo13, Silvia Salvatore14, Silvia Paoletti15, Alfonso Siani16, Daniela Galeone17, Pasquale Strazzullo2 *, MINISAL-GIRCSI Program Study Group

Affiliazioni autori: 1 Pediatrics, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy, 2 Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University of Naples Medical School, ESH Excellence Centre of Hypertension, Naples, Italy, 3 Assistance Publique--Hôpitaux de Paris, Service d'Endocrinologie et Diabétologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France, 4 Pediatrics, University Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy, 5 Pediatrics Hospital of Cava dei tirreni (SA), Italy, 6 Pediatrics, ASL-Naples, Italy, 7 Pediatrics, University of Bari, Bari, Italy, 8 Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Bari, Italy, 9 Pediatrics, Santo Spirito Hospital, Pescara, Italy, 10 Pediatrics, University of Marche, Ancona, Italy, 11 Pediatrics, ASL Umbria, Perugia, Italy, 12 Pediatrics, University of Modena, Modena, Italy, 13 Pediatrics, University of Torino, Italy, 14 Pediatrics, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy, 15 Pediatrics, ASL-Roma, Rome, Italy, 16 Epidemiology & Population Genetics, Institute of Food Science & Technology, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy (AS), 17 Italian Ministry of Health, Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Rome, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Abstract Background Hypertension is the leading cause of death in developed countries and reduction of salt intake is recommended as a key preventive measure. Objective To assess the dietary sodium and potassium intakes in a national sample of Italian children and adolescents and to examine their relationships with BMI and blood pressure (BP) in the framework of the MINISAL survey, a program supported by the Italian Ministry of Health. Population and Methods The study population included 1424 healthy subjects (766 boys, 658 girls) aged 6-18 years (mean age: 10.1±2.9) who were consecutively recruited in participating National Health Service centers in 10 Italian regions. Electrolyte intake was estimated from 24 hour urine collections tested for completeness by the concomitant measurement of creatinine content. Anthropometric indices and BP were measured with standardized procedures. Results The average estimated sodium intake was 129 mmol (7.4 g of salt) per day among boys and 117 mmol (6.7 g of salt) among girls. Ninety-three percent of the boys and 89% of the girls had a consumption higher than the recommended age-specific standard dietary target. The estimated average daily potassium intakes were 39 mmol (1.53 g) and 36 mmol (1.40 g), respectively, over 96% of the boys and 98% of the girls having a potassium intake lower than the recommended adequate intake. The mean sodium/potassium ratio was similar among boys and girls (3.5 and 3.4, respectively) and over 3-fold greater than the desirable level. Sodium intake was directly related to age, body mass and BP in the whole population. Conclusions The Italian pediatric population is characterized by excessive sodium and deficient potassium intake. These data suggest that future campaigns should focus on children and adolescents as a major target in the framework of a population strategy of cardiovascular prevention.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine totali: 13

Rivista:

PloS one Public Library of Science
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1932-6203

Numero volume: 10

Numero fascicolo: 4

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121183

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000352478400031]

Parole chiave:

  • sodium
  • potassium
  • children

Strutture CNR:

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