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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Food intake and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS study.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2016
Autori: González-Gil EM, Santabárbara J, Russo P, Ahrens W, Claessens M, Lissner L, Börnhorst C, Krogh V, Iacoviello L, Molnar D, Siani A, Tornaritis M, Veidebaum T, Moreno LA.
Affiliazioni autori: GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, C/Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Ministry of Science and Innovation, Madrid, Spain; Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; Unit of Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy; Department of Epidemiological Methods and Etiologic Research, Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany; Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Institute of Statistics, University Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Department of Public Health, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Gothenburg, Sweden; Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Department of Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCSS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Laboratory of Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS Mediterranean Neurological Institute NEUROMED, Pozzilli, Italy; Department of Paediatrics, Medical Faculty, University of Pécs, Pecs, Hungary; Research and Education Institute of Child Health REF, Strovolos, Cyprus; National Institute for Health Development, Tervise Arengu Instituut, Tallinn, Estonia
Abstract: Abstract Purpose This cross-sectional study assesses the relationship between consumption frequencies of food items and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children. Methods Out of the baseline sample (N = 16.228) of the IDEFICS study, 6.403 children (1.315 boys aged 2 to <6, 1.908 boys aged 6 to <10, 1.204 girls aged 2 to <6 and 1.976 girls aged 6 to <10 years) had hs-CRP measured and the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire filled, including a food frequency questionnaire. Logistic regression adjusted for body mass index z-score, education of the mother, breast-feeding and self-reported hours of physical activity in a sport club per week was conducted. Results Mean frequency intake of raw vegetable was lower in boys (p = 0.022 in young and p = 0.020 in old) and older girls (p = 0.026) with high hs-CRP concentration, while in younger girls (p = 0.008) the same occurred with the cooked vegetables. The probability of having higher hs-CRP concentration was significantly associated with having low consumption frequency of vegetables (p = 0.004 in older boys, raw vegetables; and p = 0.0032 in younger girls, cooked vegetables). Also, honey/jam intake decreased the probability of having higher concentration of hs-CRP, whereas soft drinks with sugar, mayonnaise and cereals milled increased this probability. Conclusions Out of all food items associated with hs- CRP, frequency intake of vegetables presented more associations across all the analysis. Findings suggest that a highfrequency intake of vegetables is inversely related to an inflammatory status in children. More studies are needed to assess the association between diet and inflammation.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: 2459
Pagine a: 2468
Pagine totali: 10
European journal of nutrition
Numero volume: 55
Numero fascicolo: 8
Referee: Sě: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazione: Published version
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