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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: No breakfast at home: association with cardiovascular disease risk factors in childhood.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2014
Autori: Papoutsou S.; Briassoulis G.; Wolters M.; Peplies J.; Iacoviello L.; Eiben G.; Veidebaum T.; Molnar D.; Russo P.; Michels N.; Moreno L.A.; Tornaritis M.
Affiliazioni autori: Nutrition Department, Research and Education Institute of Child Health, 8 Attikis Street, Strovolos, 2027 Nicosia, Cyprus; Faculty of Medicine University of Crete, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital, Heraklion Crete, Greece; Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS GmbH, Bremen, Germany; Laboratory of Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo NEUROMED, Pozzilli, Italy; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia; Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary; Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Avellino, Italy; Department of Public Heath faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Abstract: Background/Objectives: Limited data exist regarding breakfast consumption and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. This study investigates the relationship between breakfast routine and CVD risk factors in a multinational sample. Subjects/Methods: Cross-sectional data from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) survey (2007-2008) were used. The sample included children 2 to < 10 years of age (n = 8863, 51.2% boys). The Mann-Whitney U-test and logistic regression were used to assess CVD risk factors among no breakfast (NBrH), occasional breakfast and daily breakfast at home (DBrH) consumption. Results: Male school-aged NBrH consumers, compared with DBrH consumers, were more likely to be overweight/obese (odds ratio (OR): 1.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.05-1.79), to have higher risk for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels lower than 40 mg/dl (OR: 1.69, 95% CI = 1.24-2.30), triglycerides (TG) above 75 mg/dl (OR: 1.65, 95% CI = 1.24-2.19) and sum of skinfolds greater than the 90th percentile (OR: 1.32, 95% CI = 1.0-1.76). Female school-aged NBrH consumers compared with DBrH consumers had a higher risk for waist circumference greater than the 90th percentile (OR: 1.70, 95% CI = 1.14-2.51), HDL cholesterol levels lower than 40 mg/dl (OR: 1.65, 95% CI = 1.23-2.21), TG above 75 mg/dl (OR: 1.65, 95% CI = 1.26-2.17) and total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio > 3.5 (OR: 1.39, 95% CI = 1.09-1.77). Results remained significant after adjusting for daily physical activity in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) periods (in min/day). Male DBrH consumers, 6 to < 10 years of age, had longer daily periods of MVPA compared with NBrH consumers (32.0 ± 21.4 vs 27.5 ± 18.8, P < 0.05). For preschoolers, breakfast consumption was negatively associated with CVD risk factors but results of regression models were mostly insignificant. Conclusions: Daily breakfast consumption contributes to controlling school-aged children's weight and lipid profile and promotes higher PA. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: 829
Pagine a: 834
European journal of clinical nutrition
Numero volume: 68
Numero fascicolo: 7
Referee: Ś: Internazionale
Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84903751191]
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