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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2012

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Prevalence of psychosomatic and emotional symptoms in European school-aged children and its relationship with childhood adversities: Results from the IDEFICS study

Anno di pubblicazione: 2012

Autori: Vanaelst B.; De Vriendt T.; Ahrens W.; Bammann K.; Hadjigeorgiou C.; Konstabel K.; Lissner L.; Michels N.; Molnar D.; Moreno L.A.; Reisch L.; Siani A.; Sioen I.; De Henauw S.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Public Health, University Hospital, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium; Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO), Egmontstraat 5, 1000 Brussels, Belgium; BIPS-Institute for Epidemiology and Prevention Gmbh, Achterstr. 30, 28359 Bremen, Germany; Research and Education Institute of Child Health, 8 Attikis Str, 2027 Strovolos, Cyprus; National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619 Tallinn, Estonia; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden; National Institute of Health Promotion, University of Pécs, Gyermekklinika, József Attila utca 7, Pécs 7623, Hungary; GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain; Department of Intercultural Communication and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Porcelaenshaven 18A, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark; Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: The prevalence of childhood stress and psychosomatic and emotional symptoms (PES) has increased in parallel, indicating that adverse, stressful circumstances and PES in children might be associated. This study describes the prevalence of PES in European children, aged 4-11 years old, and examines the relationship among PES, negative life events (NLE) and familial or social adversities in the child's life. Parent-reported data on childhood adversities and PES was collected for 4, 066 children from 8 European countries, who participated in the follow-up survey of IDEFICS (2009-2010), by means of the 'IDEFICS parental questionnaire'. A modified version of the 'Social Readjustment Rating Scale', the 'KINDL Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents' and the 'Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire' were incorporated in this questionnaire, as well as questions on socio-demographics, family lifestyle and health of the child. Chi-square analyses were performed to investigate the prevalence of PES among survey centres, age groups and sex of the child. Odds ratios were calculated to examine the childhood adversity exposure between PES groups and logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate: (a) the contribution of the number and (b) the specific types of experienced adversities on the occurrence of PES. 45.7% of the children experienced at least one PES, with low emotional wellbeing during the last week being most frequently reported (38.2%). No sex differences were shown for the prevalence of PES (P = 0.282), but prevalence proportions rose with increasing age (P\0.001). Children with PES were more frequently exposed to childhood adversities compared to children without PES (e.g. 13.3 and 3.9% of peer problems and 25.4 and 17.4% of non-traditional family structure in the PES vs. no PES group, respectively, P\0.001). An increasing number of adversities (regardless of their nature) was found to gradually amplify the risk for PES (OR = 2.85, 95% CI = 1.98-4.12 for a number of C3 NLE), indicating the effect of cumulative stress. Finally, a number of specified adversities were identified as apparent risk factors for the occurrence of PES, such as living in a non-traditional family structure (OR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.30-1.79) or experiencing peer problems (OR = 3.55, 95% CI = 2.73-4.61). Childhood adversities were significantly related to PES prevalence, both quantitatively (i.e. the number of adversities) and qualitatively (i.e. the type of adversity). This study demonstrates the importance and the impact of the child's family and social context on the occurrence of PES in children younger than 12 years old. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 253

Pagine a: 265

Rivista:

European child & adolescent psychiatry Springer-Medizin-Verl.
Paese di pubblicazione: Germania
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1018-8827

Numero volume: 21

Numero fascicolo: 5

DOI: 10.1007/s00787-012-0258-9

Referee: Sě: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84862905941]

Parole chiave:

  • Adversities
  • Child
  • Epidemiology
  • Life events
  • Psychosomatic and emotional symptoms

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84862905941&partnerID=q2rCbXpz

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