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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2013

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in young children: A cross-sectional study (the IDEFICS study)

Anno di pubblicazione: 2013

Autori: Jimenez-Pavon D.; Konstabel K.; Bergman P.; Ahrens W.; Pohlabeln H.; Hadjigeorgiou C.; Siani A.; Iacoviello L.; Molnar D.; De Henauw S.; Pitsiladis Y.; Moreno L.A.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Physiotherapy and Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; GENUD: (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, Department of Physiotherapy and Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Avd. Domingo Miral s/n, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain; Research Centre National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia; Department of Sport Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; Bremen Institute for Preventive Research and Social Medicine, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus; National Research Council, Institute of Food Sciences (ISA-CNR), Unit of Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Avellino, Italy; Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso, Italy; Department of Paediatrics, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; Department of Public Health, Gent University, Ghent, Belgium; Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Autori CNR:

  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Background: The relevance of physical activity (PA) for combating cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in children has been highlighted, but to date there has been no large-scale study analyzing that association in children aged <=9 years of age. This study sought to evaluate the associations between objectively-measured PA and clustered CVD risk factors in a large sample of European children, and to provide evidence for gender-specific recommendations of PA. Methods: Cross-sectional data from a longitudinal study in 16,224 children aged 2 to 9 were collected. Of these, 3,120 (1,016 between 2 to 6 years, 2,104 between 6 to 9 years) had sufficient data for inclusion in the current analyses. Two different age-specific and gender-specific clustered CVD risk scores associated with PA were determined. First, a CVD risk factor (CRF) continuous score was computed using the following variables: systolic blood pressure (SBP), total triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) ratio, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and sum of two skinfolds (score CRFs). Secondly, another CVD risk score was obtained for older children containing the score CRFs + the cardiorespiratory fitness variable (termed score CRFs + fit). Data used in the current analysis were derived from the IDEFICS ('Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS') study. Results: In boys <6 years, the odds ratios (OR) for CVD risk were elevated in the least active quintile of PA (OR: 2.58) compared with the most active quintile as well as the second quintile for vigorous PA (OR: 2.91). Compared with the most active quintile, older children in the first, second and third quintiles had OR for CVD risk score CRFs + fit ranging from OR 2.69 to 5.40 in boys, and from OR 2.85 to 7.05 in girls.Conclusions: PA is important to protect against clustering of CVD risk factors in young children, being more consistent in those older than 6 years. Healthcare professionals should recommend around 60 and 85 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous PA, including 20 min/day of vigorous PA. Please see related commentary: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/173. © 2013 Jiménez-Pavón et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 172

Rivista:

BMC medicine BioMed Central,
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1741-7015

Numero volume: 11

Numero fascicolo: 1

DOI: 10.1186/1741-7015-11-172

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84887905682]

Parole chiave:

  • Accelerometers
  • Cardiovascular disease risk factors
  • Physical activity
  • Younger children

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84887905682&partnerID=q2rCbXpz

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