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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2013

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Family structure and childhood obesity: results of the IDEFICS Project

Anno di pubblicazione: 2013

Autori: Formisano, Annarita; Hunsberger, Monica; Bammann, Karin; Vanaelst, Barbara; Molnar, Denes; Moreno, Luis A.; Tornaritis, Michael; Veidebaum, Toomas; Lissner, Lauren; Barba, Gianvincenzo; Siani, Alfonso

Affiliazioni autori: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR); University of Gothenburg; University of Bremen; BIPS Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Res; Ghent University; University of Pecs; University of Zaragoza; Res & Educ Inst Child Hlth; National Institute for Health Development - Estonia

Autori CNR:

  • GIANVINCENZO BARBA
  • ANNARITA FORMISANO
  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Objective To analyse the association between family structure and adiposity in children. Design Cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) study cohort. Setting Primary schools and kindergartens. Subjects Children (n 12 350; aged 7·9 (sd 1·8) years) for the cross-sectional analysis and children (n 5236; at baseline: normal weight, aged 5·9 (sd 1·8) years) for the longitudinal study underwent anthropometry. Family structure was analysed as (i) number and type of cohabiting adults and (ii) number of siblings. Results In the cross-sectional analysis, after controlling for covariates, children living with grandparents had significantly higher BMI Z-score than those living with both parents (0·63; 95 % CI 0·33, 0·92 v. 0·19; 95 % CI 0·17, 0·22; P < 0·01); in addition, the higher the number of siblings, the lower the BMI Z-score (only child = 0·31; 95 % CI 0·24, 0·38; 1 sibling = 0·19; 95 % CI 0·16, 0·23; 2 siblings = 0·15; 95 % CI 0·09, 0·20; >2 siblings = 0·07, 95 % CI 0·04, 0·19; P < 0·001). Over the 2-year follow-up, differences in weight gain were observed across family-structure categories. Further, the risk of incidence of overweight/obesity was significantly lower the higher the number of siblings living in the household (v. only child: 1 sibling = 0·74, 95 % CI 0·57, 0·96; 2 siblings = 0·63, 95 % CI 0·45, 0·88; >2 siblings = 0·40, 95 % CI 0·21, 0·77), independently of confounders. Conclusions The study suggests that an independent association between family structure and childhood obesity exists.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 2307

Pagine a: 2315

Pagine totali: 9

Rivista:

Public health nutrition Cambridge University Press
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1368-9800

Numero volume: 17

Numero fascicolo: 10

DOI: 10.1017/S1.36898001.3002474

Referee: Ś: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000344544100021]

Parole chiave:

  • Family structure
  • Childhood obesity
  • Siblings
  • Grandparents
  • Cohabiting

Strutture CNR:

Moduli:

 
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