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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Associations between energy intake, daily food intake and energy density of foods and BMI z-score in 2-9-year-old European children

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Autori: Hebestreit A.; Bornhorst C.; Barba G.; Siani A.; Huybrechts I.; Tognon G.; Eiben G.; Moreno L.A.; Fernandez Alvira J.M.; Loit H.M.; Kovacs E.; Tornaritis M.; Krogh V.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Epidemiological Methods and Etiologic Research, Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology, BIPS GmbH, Achterstrasse 30, 28359 Bremen, Germany; Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy; Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden; GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development), Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia; Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs, Pecs, Hungary; Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus; Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; Dietary Exposure Assessment Groups, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between proxy-reported energy intake, daily food intake and energy density of foods and body mass index (BMI) z-score in 2-9-year-old European children. Methods: From 16,225 children who participated in the identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) baseline examination, 9,782 children with 24-h proxy dietary information and complete covariate information were included in the analysis. Participating children were classified according to adapted Goldberg cutoffs: underreports, plausible energy reports and overreports. Energy intake, daily food intake and energy density of foods excluding noncaloric beverages were calculated for all eating occasions. Effect of energy intake, daily food intake and energy density of foods on BMI z-score was investigated using multilevel regression models in the full sample and subsample of plausible energy reports. Exposure variables were included separately; daily food intake and energy intake were addressed in a combined model to check for interactions. Results: In the group of plausible energy reports (N = 8,544), energy intake and daily food intake were significantly positively associated with BMI z-score. Energy density of foods was not associated with BMI z-score. In the model including energy intake, food intake and an interaction term, only energy intake showed a significantly positive effect on BMI z-score. In the full sample (N = 9,782), only energy intake was significantly but negatively associated with BMI z-score. Conclusion: Proxy-reporters are subject to misreporting, especially for children in the higher BMI levels. Energy intake is a more important predictor of unhealthy weight development in children than daily food intake. © 2013 The Author(s).

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 673

Pagine a: 681


European journal of nutrition Steinkopff.
Paese di pubblicazione: Germania
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1436-6215

Numero volume: 53

Numero fascicolo: 2

DOI: 10.1007/s00394-013-0575-x

Referee: Sě: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84896703632]

Parole chiave:

  • BMI z-score
  • Children
  • Daily food intake
  • Energy density of foods
  • Energy intake

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84896703632&partnerID=q2rCbXpz

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