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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Incidence of high blood pressure in children - Effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviors: The IDEFICS study: High blood pressure, lifestyle and children
Anno di pubblicazione: 2015
Autori: De Moraes A.C.F.; Carvalho H.B.; Siani A.; Barba G.; Veidebaum T.; Tornaritis M.; Molnar D.; Ahrens W.; Wirsik N.; De Henauw S.; Marild S.; Lissner L.; Konstabel K.; Pitsiladis Y.; Moreno L.A.
Affiliazioni autori: School of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, FMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil; Universidad de Zaragoza, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, GENUD Research Group (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Zaragoza, Spain; YCARE (Youth/Child and Cardiovascular Risk and Environmental) Research Group, FMUSP, Brazil; Unit of Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy; Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia; Research and Education Foundation of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus; Department of Paediatrics, Medical Faculty, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany; Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Paediatrics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Glasgow, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Glasgow, United Kingdom; School of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, Department of Preventive Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil
Abstract: Background/objectives High blood pressure (HBP) is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and it has a high prevalence in pediatric populations. However, the determinants of the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP in children are not well known. i) To describe the incidence of HBP in European children; and ii) to evaluate the effect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on the Pre-HBP and HBP. Methods The IDEFICS cohort study. A total of 16,228 children 2-9 years at baseline were recruited by complex sampling population-based survey in eight European countries. At baseline (T0), 5221 children were selected for accelerometer measurements; 5061 children were re-examined 2 years later (T1). We estimated the incidence of Pre-HBP and HBP and evaluate the effect of PA and SB on the Pre-HBP and HBP, by computing relative risks and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (RR, 95% CI). Results Incidences of Pre-HBP and HBP per year were: 121/1000 children and 110/1000 children, respectively. We found that children maintaining SB > 2 h/d during the two year follow-up showed a RR of having HBP of 1.28 (1.03-1.60). Children in T1 not performing the recommended amount of PA (< 60 min/d) have a RR of HBP of 1.53 (1.12 to 2.09). We found no association between pre-HBP and the behaviors. Conclusion The incidence of pre-HBP and HBP is high in European children. Maintaining sedentary behaviors during childhood increases the risk of developing HBP after two years of follow-up.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: 165
Pagine a: 170
International journal of cardiology
Numero volume: 180
Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84920533483]
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