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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2013

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Design and Synthesis of Pro-Apoptotic Compounds Inspired by Diatom Oxylipins

Anno di pubblicazione: 2013

Formato: Elettronico Cartaceo

Autori: Giovanna Romano , Emiliano Manzo, Gian Luigi Russo, Giuliana d'Ippolito, Adele Cutignano, Maria Russo and Angelo Fontana

Affiliazioni autori: Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Napoli 80121, Italy Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry, National Research Council, Pozzuoli 80078, Italy Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino 83100, Italy

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Oxylipins are a large and diverse family of fatty acid derivatives exhibiting different levels of oxidation of the carbon chain. They are involved in many biological functions in mammals, plants and diatoms. In this last group of organisms, they are suggested to play a role in the reproductive failure of copepod predators, showing clear pro-apoptotic effects on newborn nauplii. In this work, these compounds were tested for the ability to induce mitotic arrest in sea urchin embryos. We show for the first time that oxylipins have an increased efficacy in their corresponding methylated form. Natural oxylipins were also used as an inspiration for the rational design and synthesis of stable chemical analogs with apoptotic activity against tumor cell lines. This approach led to the synthesis of the linear C15-ketol (22) that was shown to induce apoptosis in human leukemia U-937 cells. These results are proof of the concept of the use of eco-physiological considerations as a platform to guide the search for novel drug candidates.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 4527

Pagine a: 4543

Pagine totali: 17


Marine drugs MDPI,
Paese di pubblicazione:
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1660-3397

Numero volume: 11

Numero fascicolo: 11

DOI: 10.3390/md11114527

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000330521400025]

Parole chiave:

  • diatoms
  • oxylipins
  • chemical synthesis
  • bioactivity
  • apoptosis

Strutture CNR:


Allegati: Marinedrugs_romano2013 (application/pdf)

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