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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2013

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil from Leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam. Cultivated in Mozambique

Anno di pubblicazione: 2013

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Tatiana Marrufo, Filomena Nazzaro, Emilia Mancini, Florinda Fratianni, Raffaele Coppola, Laura De Martino, Adelaide Bela Agostinho, Vincenzo De Feo

Affiliazioni autori: Tatiana Marrufo, Adelaide Bela Agostinho:Centre for Research and Development in Ethnobotany-CIDE, Rua de Igreja, Casa zero, Vila Namaacha, Maputo Province, Mozambique Emila Mancini, Laura De Martino, Vincenzo De Feo:Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano (Salerno), Italy Filomena Nazzaro, Florinda Fratianni, Raffaele Coppola:Institute of Food Science, CNR-ISA, Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • RAFFAELE COPPOLA
  • FLORINDA FRATIANNI
  • FILOMENA NAZZARO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: The antioxidant capacity and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Moringa oleifera (Moringaceae) grown in Mozambique was investigated. The chemical composition was studied by means of GC and GC-MS analysis. Hexacosane (13.9%), pentacosane (13.3%) and heptacosane (11.4%) were the main components. Ultra High Performance Chromatography-DAD analysis detected the flavonoids quercetin (126 ?g/g) and luteolin (6.2 ?g/g). The essential oil exhibited a relatively low free radical scavenging capacity. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil was assayed against two Gram-positive strains (Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus), two Gram-negative strains (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and five fungal strains of agro-food interest (Penicillium aurantiogriseum, Penicillium expansum, Penicillium citrinum, Penicillium digitatum, and Aspergillus niger spp.). B. cereus and P. aeruginosa, as well as the fungal strains were sensitive to the essential oil.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 10989

Pagine a: 11000

Rivista:

Molecules Molecules/MDPI, Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Paese di pubblicazione:
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1420-3049

Numero volume: 18

Numero fascicolo: 9

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Parole chiave:

  • Moringa oleifera
  • essential oil
  • antimicrobial activity
  • antioxidant activity

Strutture CNR:

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