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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Moderate alcohol use and health: A consensus document.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
Autori: Poli A, Marangoni F, Avogaro A, Barba G, Bellentani S, Bucci M, Cambieri R, Catapano AL, Costanzo S, Cricelli C, de Gaetano G, Di Castelnuovo A, Faggiano P, Fattirolli F, Fontana L, Forlani G, Frattini S, Giacco R, La Vecchia C, Lazzaretto L, Loffredo L, Lucchin L, Marelli G, Marrocco W, Minisola S, Musicco M, Novo S, Nozzoli C, Pelucchi C, Perri L, Pieralli F, Rizzoni D, Sterzi R, Vettor R, Violi F, Visioli F.
Affiliazioni autori: NFI (Nutrition Foundation of Italy), Viale Tunisia 38, 20124 Milan, Italy; SIPREC (Italian Society for Cardiovascular Prevention) and University of Padova, Italy; SIIA (Italian Society of Hypertension), Institute of Food Science - Italian National Research Council - CNR, Avellino, Italy; Gastroenterology and Liver Center, Local Health Agency of Modena, "Ramazzini" Hospital, Carpi, Italy; SISA (Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis) and Clinical Research Center Ce.S.I. "Universitą G. d'Annunzio" Foundation, University of Chieti, Italy; SNAMID (National Society of Medical Education), Milan, Italy; SITECS (Italian Society for Clinical and Experimental Therapy) and Department of Pharmacology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Italy; Laboratory of Genetic and Environmental Epidemiology, Catholic University, Campobasso, Italy; SIMG (Italian Society of General Medicine), Florence, Italy; Research Laboratories, "John Paul II" Foundation for Research and Treatment, Catholic University, Campobasso, Italy; Laboratory of Italy; ANMCO (Italian National Association of Hospital Cardiologists) and Chair of Cardiology, University of Brescia, Italy; ANMCO (Italian National Association of Hospital Cardiologists), Careggi Hospital and University of Florence, Italy; AMD (Italian Association of Diabetologists), Dietology, Diabetology and Metabolic Diseases Unit, Sandro Pertini Hospital, Rome, Italy; AMD (Italian Association of Diabetologists), Unit of Metabolic Diseases & Clinical Dietetics Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Italy; ANMCO (Italian National Association of Hospital Cardiologist) and Cardiology Unit - Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona, Italy; SID (Italian Society of Diabetology) and Institute of Food Science - National Research Council-CNR, Avellino, Italy; "Mario Negri" Pharmacological Research Institute and Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Italy; FIMMG (Italian Federation of General Medicine Doctors), Rome, Italy; SIMI (Italian Society of Internal Medicine), Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Italy; ADI (Italian Association of Dietetics), Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Unit, Bolzano Health District, Bolzano, Italy; AMD (Italian Association of Diabetologists), Diabetology and Metabolic Diseases Unit, Desio and Vimercate Hospital, Italy; SIOMMMS (Italian Society of Osteoporosis Mineral Metabolism and Skeletal Diseases), Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Disciplines, University of Rome "Sapienza", Italy; CNR-ITB (Institute of Biomedical Technologies of the National Research Council), Milan, Italy; SIC (Italian Society of Cardiology), Chair of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Biomedicine, Internal and Specialities (DIBIMIS), University of Palermo, Italy; FADOI (Italian Federation of the Associations of Internal Medicine Physicians), University Hospital Careggi, Florence, Italy; SIIA (Italian Society of Hypertension), Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Italy; The Italian Stroke Forum, Azienda Ospedaliera Niguarda Cą Granda, Milan, Italy; SIO (Italian Society of Obesity), Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Azienda Ospedaliera-University of Padova, Italy; Laboratory of Functional Foods, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies (IMDEA) - Food, CEI UAM + CSIC, Madrid, Spain.
Abstract: AIMS: The aim of this consensus paper is to review the available evidence on the association between moderate alcohol use, health and disease and to provide a working document to the scientific and health professional communities. DATA SYNTHESIS: In healthy adults and in the elderly, spontaneous consumption of alcoholic beverages within 30 g ethanol/d for men and 15 g/d for women is to be considered acceptable and do not deserve intervention by the primary care physician or the health professional in charge. Patients with increased risk for specific diseases, for example, women with familiar history of breast cancer, or subjects with familiar history of early cardiovascular disease, or cardiovascular patients should discuss with their physician their drinking habits. No abstainer should be advised to drink for health reasons. Alcohol use must be discouraged in specific physiological or personal situations or in selected age classes (children and adolescents, pregnant and lactating women and recovering alcoholics). Moreover, the possible interactions between alcohol and acute or chronic drug use must be discussed with the primary care physician. CONCLUSIONS: The choice to consume alcohol should be based on individual considerations, taking into account the influence on health and diet, the risk of alcoholism and abuse, the effect on behaviour and other factors that may vary with age and lifestyle. Moderation in drinking and development of an associated lifestyle culture should be fostered.
Lingua abstract: inglese
NMCD. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Numero volume: 23
Numero fascicolo: 6
Allegati: Moderate alcohol use and health: A consensus document.
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