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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Predictors and correlates of taste preferences in European children: the IDEFICS study.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
Autori: Lanfer A, Bammann K, Knof K, Buchecker K, Russo P, Veidebaum T, Kourides Y, de Henauw S, Molnar D, Bel-Serrat S, Lissner L, Ahrens.
Affiliazioni autori: BIPS - Institute for Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Achterstrasse 30, 28359 Bremen, Germany b Institute for Public Health and Nursing Science (IPP), University of Bremen, Grazer Str. 2, 28359 Bremen, Germany c ttz Bremerhaven, Department of Food Science, Fischkai 1, 27572 Bremerhaven, Germany d Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino, Italy e National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu str. 42, 11619 Tallinn, Estonia f Child Health Research and Education Institute, 56 Stavrou Street, 2035 Strovolos, Cyprus g Department of Public Health, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 2Blok A, 9000 Ghent, Belgium h Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Care Vesalius, University College Ghent, Keramiekstraat 80, 9000 Ghent, Belgium i Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs, Jozsef A. str. 7, H-7623 Pécs, Hungary j GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Corona de Aragónn 42, 2nd floor, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain k Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Box 454, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
Abstract: The present study investigated taste preferences in a sample of 1705 children aged 6 to 9 years from survey centres in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Germany, Hungary, and Spain and aimed to identify factors correlated with taste preference. Children's preferences for varying levels of sucrose (sweet) in apple juice and fat, sodium chloride (salt) and monosodium glutamate (umami) in crackers were assessed using paired-comparison tests. Socio-demographics (age, sex, parental education), early feeding practises (breastfeeding, introduction of fruits), parenting behaviour (TV viewing, using food as a reward) and taste threshold sensitivity for sucrose (sweet), sodium chloride (salt), caffeine (bitter) and monosodium glutamate (umami) were investigated as possible correlates of taste preferences. Parents reported on socio-demographics, early feeding and parenting behaviour. Taste thresholds were determined via a paired-comparison staircase method. Country of residence was the strongest factor related to preferences for all four tastes. Taste preferences also differed by age. Preference for sugar and salt increased between 6 and 9 years of age while preference for monosodium glutamate decreased. The age differences remained significant even after adjustment for sex, country of residence, parental education and early feeding habits. Sex, parental education, early feeding habits, TV viewing, using food as a reward and taste thresholds were not consistently related to taste preferences among the survey centres. In summary, the results highlight the importance of culture and age in taste preferences in children younger than 10 years of age.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: 128
Pagine a: 136
Food quality and preference
Longman Scientific & Technical.
Numero volume: 27
Referee: Sě: Internazionale
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