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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Parental education and frequency of food consumption in European children: the IDEFICS study
Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
Autori: Fernández-Alvira JM, Mouratidou T, Bammann K, Hebestreit A, Barba G, Sieri S, Reisch L, Eiben G, Hadjigeorgiou C, Kovacs E, Huybrechts I, Moreno LA.
Affiliazioni autori: GENUD (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, University School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza; Istituto di Scienze dell'Alimentazione, CNR; IDEFICS Consortium
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children. DESIGN: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. SETTING: Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. SUBJECTS: Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years. RESULTS: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0o001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0o56; 95 % CI 0o47, 0o65), fruits (OR = 0o56; 95 % CI 0o48, 0o65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2o23; 95 % CI 1o92, 2o59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2o01; 95 % CI 1o77, 2o37). CONCLUSIONS: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.
Pagine da: 487
Pagine a: 498
Pagine totali: 11
Public health nutrition
International Chidren's Centre.
Numero volume: 16
Numero fascicolo: 3
Referee: Sě: Internazionale
Indicizzato da: PubMed 
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