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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2012

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Determination and assessments of selected heavy metals in eye shadow cosmetics from China, Italy, and USA

Anno di pubblicazione: 2012

Formato: Elettronico Cartaceo

Autori: M.G. Volpe, M. Nazzaro, R. Coppola, F. Rapuano, R.P. Aquino

Affiliazioni autori: Istituto di Scienze dell'Alimentazione, CNR, Via Roma 52, 83100 Avellino, Italy Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084-Fisciano (SA), Italy

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: This study evaluated the content of heavy metals in samples of eye shadows. Samples were manufactured in different countries (China, Italy, and USA). The content of Pb was measured by flame-atomic absorption spectrometry (F-AAS). The quantification of cadmium, cobalt, chromium, and nickel was performed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The analyses were preceded by microwave-assisted acid digestion of the eye shadows. In many samples the lead was present within 20 mu g g(-1), the value indicated as safe in good manufacturing practice, but it exceed this limit in four Chinese samples. The levels of cadmium, chromium and cobalt were always low and within acceptable and safe concentrations for the products made in Italy and USA, but the nickel concentrationexceeded the safe limit in many Chinese eye shadows. The overall results indicate that eye shadows are likely harmful when they are made according to current regulations, while products imported from China can be harmful. Therefore, major quality controls are recommended for products designed to enter in direct and long contact with the skin of eyelids when imported from countries with different regulations

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 65

Pagine a: 69


Microchemical journal Academic Press [etc.]
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0026-265X

Numero volume: 101

DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2011.10.008

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000300746900011]

Parole chiave:

  • Eye shadows
  • Trace analysis
  • Heavy metals
  • Flame atomic absorption spectrometry
  • Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/microchemical-journal

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