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Istituto sull'inquinamento atmosferico

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2017

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) in the Mediterranean Sea: Temporal and spatial trends.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2017

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Kotnik, J., Horvat, M., Begu, E., Shlyapnikov, Y., Sprovieri, F., Pirrone, N.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Environmental Sciences, Jo?ef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; CNR IIA, Institute of Atmospheric Pollution, 87036 Rende, Italy; CNR IIA, Institute of Atmospheric Pollution, 87036 Rome, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • NICOLA PIRRONE
  • FRANCESCA SPROVIERI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM)was studied in surface and deepwaters of theMediterranean Sea over the last 15 years during several oceanographic cruises on board the Italian research vessels Urania andMinerva Uno, covering the Western and Eastern Mediterranean Basins as well as Adriatic Sea as its northernmost part. DGM was measured together with other mercury species (RHg - reactive Hg, THg - total Hg, MeHg - monomethyl Hg and DMeHg - dimethylmercury), and with water quality parameters in coastal and open sea deep water profiles. DGM represents a considerable portion of THg (on average 20%) in Mediterranean waters. Spatial and seasonal variations of measured DGM concentrations were observed in different identified water masses. DGM was the highest in the northern Adriatic, the most polluted part of theMediterranean Sea as a consequence of Hgmining in Idrija and heavy industry in northern Italy, and near the Gulf of Lion. Generally, average DGM concentration was higher in the West and EastMediterranean Deep Waters (WMDWand EMDW) and Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW) than in overlaying Modified Atlantic Water (MAW); however, it was the highest in N Adriatic Surface waters (NAdSW) and consequently in outflowing Adriatic DeepWaters (AdDW). In deep water profiles the portion of DGMtypically increased at depths with oxygen minimum and then towards the bottom, especially in areas with strong tectonic activity (Alboran Sea, Strait of Sicily, Tyrrhenian Sea), indicating its bacterial and/or geotectonic origin. During oceanographic cruises in 2011 and 2015 in the Tyrrhenian Sea, novelmethods for continuous DGM determination in surface waters (Wangberg and Gardfeldt, 2011, Begu et al., 2016) were applied and compared to the standard method, and showed good agreement.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Rivista:

Marine chemistry Elsevier
Paese di pubblicazione: Paesi Bassi
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0304-4203

DOI: 10.1016/j.marchem.2017.03.002.

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Parole chiave:

  • Dissolved gaseous mercury Deep and surface waters Trends Mediterranean Sea

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2017.03.002

Strutture CNR:

 
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