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Istituto sull'inquinamento atmosferico

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2016

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Evaluating a filtering and recirculating system to reduce dust drift in simulated sowing of dressed seeds and abraded dust particle characteristics

Anno di pubblicazione: 2016

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: M. Biocca, D. Pochi, R. Fanigliulo, P. Gallo, P. Pulcini, F. Marcovecchio and C. Perrino

Affiliazioni autori: CREA-ING Unità di Ricerca per l'Ingegneria Agraria, Monterotondo, Rome, Italy CREA-PAV Centro di Ricerca per la Patologia Vegetale, Rome, Italy CNR-IIA Isttuto sull'Inquinamento Atmosferico

Autori CNR:

  • CINZIA PERRINO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The pneumatic precision drills used in maize sowing can release dust owing to abrasion of dressed seed; the drift of dust containing insecticide active ingredients is harmful to honey bees. Therefore, we developed a device for drills that uses partial recirculation and filtration of the air by means of an antipollen and an electrostatic filter. RESULTS: Tests were carried out by simulating the sowing of seed treated with imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin and fipronil.Dust releasedby thedrill in different configurationswas analysed to assess itsmass andactive ingredient concentration, size distribution and particle number concentration. In general, particles with a diameter smaller than 2.5 and 10 ?mrepresent about 40 and 75% of the total dust mass respectively. The finest size fraction (<1 ?m) contains a higher content of active ingredient. The prototype equipped with both antipollen and electrostatic filters always showed a reduction in dust emission greater than 90% in terms of both total mass and active ingredient amount, with a greater efficiency in the reduction in particles below 4 ?m. CONCLUSION: This study presents an engineering solution addressing dust losses during sowing, contributes to the description of abrasion dust fractions and provides suggestions for further development of the prototype.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Rivista:

Pest management science Published for SCI by Wiley,
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1526-498X

DOI: 10.1002/ps.4428

Referee: Ś: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Parole chiave:

  • neonicotinoids; honey bee; seed coating; air-borne particles; dust drift; pesticides

Strutture CNR:

 
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