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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Importance of Integration and Implementation of Emerging and Future Mercury Research into the Minamata Convention
Anno di pubblicazione: 2016
Autori: Mae Sexauer Gustin,*,+ David C. Evers,? Michael S. Bank,§ Chad R. Hammerschmidt,? Ashley Pierce,# Niladri Basu,? Joel Blum,? Paco Bustamante,? Celia Chen,? Charlie T. Driscoll,¶ Milena Horvat,@ Dan Jaffe,$ Jozef Pacyna,% Nicola Pirrone,& and Noelle Selin?
Affiliazioni autori: +Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, University of Nevada-Reno, Reno, Nevada 89557, United States ?Biodiversity Research Institute, 276 Canco Road, Portland, Maine 04103, United States §Department of Environmental Conservation, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 160 Holdsworth Way, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, United States ?Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Wright State University, 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy., Dayton, Ohio 45435, United States #Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, University of Nevada-Reno, Reno, Nevada 89557, United States ?Department of Natural Resource Sciences and School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill, University, Montreal, PQ Canada ?Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States ?Littoral, Environnement et Socie?te?s (LIENSs), UMR 7266 CNRS-Universite? La Rochelle, 2 rue Olympe de Gouges, 17000 La Rochelle, France ?Dartmouth College, Department of Biological Sciences, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, United States ¶Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244, United States @Department of Environmental Sciences, Joz?ef Stefan institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia $Physical Sciences Division, School of Science and Technology, University of Washington-Bothell, Bothell, Washington 98011-8246, United States %Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, 2027 Norway &CNR-Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, Rome, Italy ?Institute for Data, Systems and Society and Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307 United States
Abstract: Since the Industrial Revolution, and before, human actions have enhanced the production and emissions of mercury (Hg), as well as climate changing gases (ozone, nitrous oxide, methane, and carbon dioxide). Burning of fossil fuels, mining, and other human activities, have increased the cycling of Hg at the Earth's surface (by at least 200%), increasing human and wildlife exposure.1 Without abatement of Hg releases, this pattern is expected to continue into the future.1,2 Under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), countries negotiated the Minamata Convention on Mercury, a legally binding agreement intended "to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds" (Article 1 in ref 3). To date, the Convention has 128 signatories. The Convention will enter into force once it is ratified by 50 nations. With the Minamata Convention, global society has a regulatory mechanism to decrease environmental Hg loadings. Together with the reduction of climate changing anthropogenic gases through the Paris Climate Agreement, these global environmental policies should work toward protecting Earth for future generations. In order to achieve such long-term and far-reaching policy goals, it is essential that Hg be managed as a persistent contaminant. Recognizing that once released it actively cycles in the environment for hundreds-to-thousands of years before being buried in sediment.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Environmental science & technology
American Chemical Society,
Referee: Sì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazione: Preprint
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