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Istituto sull'inquinamento atmosferico

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2015

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Investigation of desert dust contribution to source apportionment of PM10 and PM2.5 from a southern Mediterranean coast

Anno di pubblicazione: 2015

Formato: Elettronico Cartaceo

Autori: Kchih, Hassen; Perrino, Cinzia; Cherif, Semia

Affiliazioni autori: National Agency for Environmental Protection; CNR - Institute for Atmospheric Pollution Research; Tunis-El Manar University

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: In order to identify the source apportionment of particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 in the southern Mediterranean coast of Tunis (Tunisia), three different sites characterized respectively by traffic, industries and being an urban background area are studied. The chemical characterization included a gravimetric determination of atmospheric particles mass concentration, measurements of the major anions (SO42-, NO 3-, Cl-) and cations (Ca2+ , Mg 2+ , K + , NH 4+) concentrations in the aerosol samples by ion chromatography and analysis of 18 elements by energy dispersion X-ray fluorescence. Aerosol ion balance of various PM10 constituents are used to identify possible sources of the particulate matters. Thanks to these analysis, the particulate masses were reconstructed from the main possible constituents: crustal matter, primary and secondary pollutants, marine aerosols and organic matter. Wherever PM10 and PM2.5 were studied, PM10 crustal elements and sea salt aerosols were mainly associated with the coarse fraction whereas primary and secondary anthropogenic pollutants as well as organic matter rather compose PM2.5 fraction. In all the sites, PM10 mass was mainly composed of crustal matter (41-50%) and poorly of sea salt (3-4%). And so aerosols chemical composition is heavily affected by dust winds from Sahara desert, with some contribution of local traffic and industries and only a slight direct impact of the nearby Mediterranean sea.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 454

Pagine a: 464


Aerosol and air quality research Chinese Association for Aerosol Research in Taiwan
Paese di pubblicazione: Taiwan
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1680-8584

Numero volume: 15

Numero fascicolo: 2

DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.10.0255

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84925969480]

Parole chiave:

  • Chemical characterization
  • ED-XRF analysis
  • Particulate matter (PM)
  • Source apportionment
  • Tunis

URL: http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-84925969480&origin=inward

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