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Istituto sull'inquinamento atmosferico

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2015

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Atmospheric Mercury Footprints of Nations

Anno di pubblicazione: 2015

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Liang S., Wang Y., Cinnirella S., Pirrone N.,

Affiliazioni autori: University of Michigan; Beijing Normal University; Natl Res Council Italy CNR; Natl Res Council Italy CNR

Autori CNR:

  • SERGIO CINNIRELLA
  • NICOLA PIRRONE

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: The Minamata Convention was established to protect humans and the natural environment from the adverse effects of mercury emissions. A cogent assessment of mercury emissions is required to help implement the Minamata Convention. Here, we use an environmentally extended multi-regional inputoutput model to calculate atmospheric mercury footprints of nations based on upstream production (meaning direct emissions from the production activities of a nation), downstream production (meaning both direct and indirect emissions caused by the production activities of a nation), and consumption (meaning both direct and indirect emissions caused by final consumption of goods and services in a nation). Results show that nations function differently within global supply chains. Developed nations usually have larger consumption-based emissions than up- and downstream production-based emissions. India, South Korea, and Taiwan have larger downstream production-based emissions than their upstream production- and consumption-based emissions. Developed nations (e.g., United States, Japan, and Germany) are in part responsible for mercury emissions of developing nations (e.g., China, India, and Indonesia). Our findings indicate that global mercury abatement should focus on multiple stages of global supply chains. We propose three initiatives for global mercury abatement, comprising the establishment of mercury control technologies of upstream producers, productivity improvement of downstream producers, and behavior optimization of final consumers.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 3566

Pagine a: 3574

Pagine totali: 9

Rivista:

Environmental science & technology American Chemical Society,
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0013-936X

Numero volume: 49

Numero fascicolo: 6

DOI: 10.1021/es503977y

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000351324400036]

Parole chiave:

  • Minamata Convention
  • Emissions
  • Production

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