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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Calculations of in-snow NO2 and OH radical photochemical production and photolysis rates: A field and radiative-transfer study of the optical properties of Arctic (Ny-Alesund, Svalbard) snow.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2011
Autori: France, J.L., King, M.D., Lee-Taylor, J., Beine, H.J., Ianniello, A., Domine, F., and MacArthur A.
Affiliazioni autori: Ianniello A., CNR-IIA
Abstract: Depth-integrated production rates of OH radicals and NO2 molecules from snowpacks in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, are calculated from fieldwork investigating the light penetration depth (e-folding depth) and nadir reflectivity of snowpacks during the unusually warm spring of 2006. Light penetration depths of 8.1, 11.3, 5.1, and 8.2 cm were measured for fresh, old, marine-influenced, and glacial snowpacks, respectively (wavelength 400 nm). Radiative-transfer calculations of the light penetration depths with reflectivity measurements produced scattering cross sections of 5.3, 9.5, 20, and 25.5 m2 kg-1 and absorption cross sections of 7.7, 1.4, 3.4, and 0.5 cm2 kg-1 for the fresh, old, marineinfluenced, and glacial snowpacks, respectively (wavelength 400 nm). Photolysis rate coefficients, J, are presented as a function of snow depth and solar zenith angle for the four snowpacks for the photolysis of H2O2 and NO3-. Depth-integrated production rates of hydroxyl radicals are 1270, 2130, 950, and 1850 nmol m-2 h-1 (solar zenith angle of 60°) for fresh, old, marine-influenced, and glacial snowpacks, respectively. Depth-integrated production rates of NO2 are 32, 56, 11, and 22 nmol m-2 h-1 (solar zenith angle of 60°) for the fresh, old, marine-influenced, and glacial snowpacks, respectively. The uncertainty of repeated light penetration depth measurement was determined to be ~20%, which propagates into a 20% error in depth-integrated production rates. A very simple steady state hydroxyl radical calculation demonstrates that a pseudo first-order loss rate of OH radicals of ~102-104 s-1 is required in snowpack. The snowpacks around Ny-Ålesund are thick enough to be considered optically infinite.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: F04013
Pagine totali: 16
Journal of geophysical research
William Byrd Press for John Hopkins Press,
Numero volume: 116
Referee: Sì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazione: Published version
Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) 
Data di accettazione: 17/08/2011
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