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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Social [and health] relevance of psychotropic substances monitoring in air
Anno di pubblicazione: 2013
Autori: Cecinato A.; Balducci C.; Mollica R.; Serpelloni G.
Affiliazioni autori: National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research (CNR-IIA), Via Salaria km 29.3, 00015 Rome, Italy; Presidency of the Ministers' Council of Italy, Department for Anti-Drug Policies, Via Po, 16A, 00198 Rome, Italy
Abstract: Drug abuse assessment methods based on measuring illicit substances in waste waters are consolidated. The approach of ambient air monitoring looks questionable, nonetheless it can be explored if the variables determining the drug burdens are accounted for, or suitable co-contaminants are adopted to normalize concentrations to environmental and human contours. The general approach linking the airborne drug concentrations to consumption is presented and the case of cocaine is discussed according to measurements conducted in Italy. The cocaine/nicotine concentration ratio, identified as the most suitable tool, fitted well with anti-drug Police operations and people noticed for drug-related crimes, and with the abuse prevalence estimated in the cities investigated. According to that, the conversion factors of drug concentrations into prevalence estimates seem assessable, provided sufficient databases over space and time are collected. Further investigations are necessary to understand if airborne drugs cause adverse sanitary effects.© 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: 27
Pagine a: 32
Elsevier Applied Science Publishers
Numero volume: 179
Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84876997140]
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