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Istituto sull'inquinamento atmosferico

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2013

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Elemental concentration in atmospheric particulate matter: Estimation of nanoparticle contribution

Anno di pubblicazione: 2013

Autori: Canepari S.; Padella F.; Astolfi M.L.; Marconi E.; Perrino C.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Chemistry, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro, 5, Rome, 00185, Italy; ENEA, Materials Chemistry and Technology Lab, Casaccia Research Center, Via Anguillarese, 301, 00123 Rome, Italy; CNR Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, Via Salaria, Km 29, 300, Monterotondo St. (Rome), 00015, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • CINZIA PERRINO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Atmospheric nanoparticles (NPs) are often contained in aggregates or included in larger particles. We show that some of these structures can be crushed in water media by the application of ultrasounds, leading to a suspension of insoluble NPs. The contribution of these NPs to the total elemental concentration is evaluated as the difference between the inductively coupled plasma (ICP-MS) analysis before and after the elution of the suspension from an ion exchange cartridge. Total elemental content in PM can be therefore fractionated into three contributions - soluble species, solid NPs released from larger structures, insoluble particles - that may likely have different health and environmental effects. The method was applied to both Certified Material NIST 1649a and size-segregated atmospheric PM samples collected by a 13-stage impactor. The results indicate that alkaline and alkaline earth metals are found in the suspension only as watersoluble species, also when they are contained in the fine fraction of PM. Instead, a significant fraction of most elements typically emitted from combustion sources (Pb, Sb, Sn, Cd, V and As) is present in fine PM as insoluble nanoparticles that are easily dispersed in water under ultrasound application. Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 1619

Pagine a: 1629

Rivista:

Aerosol and air quality research Chinese Association for Aerosol Research in Taiwan
Paese di pubblicazione: Taiwan
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1680-8584

Numero volume: 13

Numero fascicolo: 6

DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2013.03.0081

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84888424568]

Parole chiave:

  • Aggregates
  • Atmospheric PM
  • Elemental concentration
  • Nanoparticles
  • Size distribution

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84888424568&partnerID=q2rCbXpz

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