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Istituto di fisiologia clinica

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2015

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: A screening on Specific Learning Disorders in an Italian speaking high genetic homogeneity area.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2015

Formato: Elettronico Cartaceo

Autori: Claudia Cappa, Fabrizio Meloni ,Carlo Muzio, Antonino Schiliṛ, Luca Bastiani, Sara Giulivi

Affiliazioni autori: IFC-CNR Pisa, Servizio di NPI ASL 4 di Lanusei Italy, Istituto Santo Stefano - Porto Potenza Picena (Mc).Servizio di NPI ASL 4 di Lanusei Italy. IFC-CNR Pisa, DFA-SUPSI Locarno, Switzerland

Autori CNR:

  • LUCA BASTIANI
  • CLAUDIA CAPPA

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: The aim of the present research is to investigate the prevalence of Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) in Ogliastra, a particular area of Sardinia, Italy. Having experienced centuries of isolation, Ogliastra has become a high genetic homogeneity area, particularly interesting for studies on different kinds of pathologies. Here we are going to describe the results of a screening carried out throughout 2 consecutive years in 49 second grade classes (24 considered in the first year and 25 in the second year of the study) of the Ogliastra region. A total of 610 pupils (average age 7.54 years; 293 female, 317 male) corresponding to 68.69% of all pupils who were attending second grade in the area, took part in the study. The tool used for the screening was the "RSR-DSA. Questionnaire for the detection of learning difficulties and disorders", which allowed to identify 83 subjects at risk (13.61% of the whole sample involved in the study). These took part in an enhancement training program carried out for about 6 months. After the program, pupils underwent assessment for reading, writing and calculation abilities, as well as a cognitive assessment. According to the results of the assessment, the prevalence of SLDs was 6.06%. 4.75% of the total sample manifested dyslexia in isolation or in comorbidity with other disorders. According to the first national epidemiological investigation carried out in Italy, the prevalence of SLDs is 3.1-3.2%, which is lower that the prevalence obtained in the present study. This result, together with the presence of several cases of SLD in isolation (17.14%) and with a 3:1 ratio of males to females diagnosed with a SLD (which is typical of several pathologies, disorders or characteristics with a genetic origin), can be interpreted as a confirmation of the genetic basis of SLDs.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Altro abstract: Claudia Cappa, Sara Giulivi, Antonino Schiliṛ, Luca Bastiani, Carlo Muzio, Fabrizio Meloni, A screening on Specific Learning Disorders in an Italian speaking high genetic homogeneity area, , Volumes 45-46, October-November 2015, Pages 329-342, ISSN 0891-4222, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.07.011. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891422215000864)

Pagine da: 329

Pagine a: 342

Pagine totali: 14

Rivista:

Research in developmental disabilities Pergamon Press,
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0891-4222

Numero volume: 45-46

DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.07.011

Referee: Ś: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Parole chiave:

  • Dyslexia
  • Specific Learning Disorders
  • prevalence
  • high genetic homogeneity
  • screening
  • primary school
  • Italian language.

Data di accettazione: 13/07/2015

Strutture CNR:

 
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