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Institute for animal production system in mediterranean environment

Description

The Institute of Animal Production Systems in Mediterranean Environments (ISPAAM) was formed in May 2002 from the merger of the Institute of Cattle and Buffalo to the Adaptation to the Southern Environment (IABBAM) of Naples and the Centre of Studies on Mediterranean Pastures (CSPM) of Sassari, after the closure of the Centre for Minor Ruminants (CRM) of Bari and the Centre for Forage Conservation (CCF) of Bologna. The IABBAM itself was founded in 1974 while the CPM of Sassari was founded in 1984.
On the basis of its acquired know-how and expertise, the ISPAAM is both a reference point for CNR research in Animal Production and an activity centre for issues in this field in the Mediterranean area. Such issues are mainly related to genetic improvements of both animals and plants, to livestock farm environments, and to forage production and food quality.
The chief aims of the Institute concern the enhancement of the sustainability of livestock-forage systems throughout the optimization of the yield/quality product relation in order to respond to the needs of consumers, markets and considering also the environmental impact. Such rationalization of activity also offers the chance to harmonize all the work carried out in the animal production sector by several institutions, activating institutional collaboration and networking, in order to achieve an effective national programming.
The Institute studies animal production in a systemic way, using an interdisciplinary approach, considering the whole system, including plant and animal productions, and also deserving attention to global quality of animal products. Animal production constitutes a complex system, whose study requires knowledge and methods from different disciplines to be optimized and rationalized.
The research activity at ISPAAM is organized in the following areas (Commesse):
(a) Bio-agronomic support for the sustainable development of agro-pastoral systems and their multi-use (detached branch);
(b) Genetic, physiological, microbiological and nutritional support in sustainable animal production (main location);
(c) Proteomic methodology for sustainable development of animal and agro-industrial systems (main location).

The Institute obtained both national and international acknowledgements, especially in its sectors of excellence, namely “Animal Cytogenetics” and “Proteomics”.
The potential spin off generated by Institute research activity can be summarized as follows:
(a) genetic improvement of bovids, especially river buffalo and sheep;
(b) characterization of proteomes from eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms of agricultural/veterinary interest;
(c) improvement of agronomic techniques for multifunctional use of grasslands;
(d) use of biomasses for energetic purposes from low input rain fed cultivation of native species;

 

 
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